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Figure c11/f001
Figure 11.1
NEWS – National Early Warning Scoring System (Royal College of Physicians ). In some settings, patients will have an impaired level of consciousness ...
Figure c11/f005
Figure 11.5
Conduction system of the heart. Autorhythmic fibres in the SA node, located in the right atrial wall, act as the heart's pacemaker, initiating cardiac...
Figure c11/f009
Figure 11.9
Three‐lead ECG electrode placement.
Figure c11/f013
Figure 11.13
Factors that lead to an increase in blood pressure. Changes noted within green boxes increase cardiac output; changes noted within blue boxes increase...
Figure c11/f017
Figure 11.17
Pressure changes in pulmonary ventilation. Source : Tortora and Derrickson ( ). Reproduced with permission from John Wiley & Sons.
Figure c11/f021
Figure 11.21
Spirogram of lung volumes and capacities. The average values for a healthy average male and female are indicated, with the values for a female in pare...
Figure c11/f025
Figure 11.25
Body core and skin temperature.
Figure c11/f029
Figure 11.29
Predisposition to UTIs.
Figure c11/f033
Figure 11.33
The cerebrum. Source : Tortora and Derrickson ( ). Reproduced with permission from John Wiley & Sons.
Figure c11/f037
Figure 5
Taking a pulse.
Figure c11/f041
Figure 10
Blood glucose taking: Step 1. Take a blood sample from the side of the finger using a lancet, ensuring that the site of piercing is rotated.
Figure c11/f002
Figure 11.2
Situation‐Background‐Assessment‐Recommendation (SBAR) tool.
Figure c11/f006
Figure 11.6
Normal electrocardiograms or ECG (lead II). P wave = arterial depolarization; QRS complex = onset of ventricular depolarization; T wave = ventricular ...
Figure c11/f010
Figure 11.10
ECG calibration verification signal. Source : Crawford and Doherty ( ). Reproduced with permission from Mark Allen Publishing Ltd.
Figure c11/f014
Figure 11.14
Blood pressure in various parts of the cardiovascular system. The dashed line is the mean (average) blood pressure in the aorta, arteries and arteriol...
Figure c11/f018
Figure 11.18
Summary of events of inhalation and exhalation. Source : Peate et al. ( ). Reproduced with permission from John Wiley & Sons.
Figure c11/f022
Figure 11.22
Changes to partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide (in mmHg) during internal and external respiration. Source : Tortora and Derrickson ( ). Re...
Figure c11/f026
Figure 11.26
Mechanisms of body temperature regulation.
Figure c11/f030
Figure 11.30
Significant bacteriuria. Specimens of urine are rarely sterile. A cut‐off point is identified to distinguish true infection (significant bacteriuria) ...
Figure c11/f034
Figure 11.34
External anatomy of the spinal cord and the spinal nerves (posterior view). Source : Tortora and Derrickson ( ). Reproduced with permission from John...
Figure c11/f038
Figure 8
Position of an oxygen saturation probe.
Figure c11/f042
Figure 12
Blood glucose taking: Step 2. Insert the test strip into the blood glucose monitor and apply the blood to the test strip. Ensure that the window on th...
Figure c11/f003
Figure 11.3
Pulse points. Source : Tortora and Derrickson ( ). Reproduced with permission from John Wiley & Sons.
Figure c11/f007
Figure 11.7
Position of chest electrodes for 12‐lead ECG. Source : SCST ( ). Reproduced with permission from The Society for Cardiological Science and Technology...
Figure c11/f011
Figure 11.11
Normal 12‐lead ECG. Source: Davey ( ). Reproduced with permission from John Wiley & Sons.
Figure c11/f015
Figure 11.15
Korotkoff sounds.
Figure c11/f019
Figure 11.19
Negative feedback mechanisms by which changes in PCO 2 and blood pH regulate ventilation. Source : Peate et al. ( ). Reproduced with permission from...
Figure c11/f023
Figure 11.23
Transport of oxygen (O 2 ) and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) in the blood. Source : Tortora and Derrickson ( ). Reproduced with permission from John Wiley &...
Figure c11/f027
Figure 11.27
Tympanic membrane thermometer.
Figure c11/f031
Figure 11.31
Consequences of insulin deficiency.
Figure c11/f035
Figure 11.35
The reticular activating system. Source : Tortora and Derrickson ( ). Reproduced with permission from John Wiley & Sons.
Figure c11/f039
Figure 10
Manual peak flow meter technique.
Figure c11/f043
Figure 15
Blood glucose taking: Step 3. Read the result.
Figure c11/f004
Figure 11.4
Factors that increase cardiac output. Source : Tortora and Derrickson ( ). Reproduced with permission from John Wiley & Sons.
Figure c11/f008
Figure 11.8
Mason–Likar 12‐lead ECG system.
Figure c11/f012
Figure 11.12
Abnormal ECG tracings. Source : Tortora and Derrickson ( ). Reproduced with permission from John Wiley & Sons.
Figure c11/f016
Figure 11.16
Correct blood pressure reading techniques.
Figure c11/f020
Figure 11.20
Factors influencing rate and depth of breathing.
Figure c11/f024
Figure 11.24
Normal peak expiratory flow rate measurements. Source : Reproduced with permission from Clement Clarke International, Ltd ( www.peakflow.com ).
Figure c11/f028
Figure 11.28
Summary of filtration, reabsorption and secretion in the nephron and collecting duct. Source : Tortora and Derrickson ( ). Reproduced with permission...
Figure c11/f032
Figure 11.32
The brain. Source : Peate et al. ( ). Reproduced with permission from John Wiley & Sons.
Figure c11/f036
Figure 11.36
The Glasgow Coma Scale.
Figure c11/f040
Figure 8
Compare urinalysis results and document results on appropriate forms.