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Figure c09/f001
Figure 9.1
Gas movement in the body is facilitated by partial pressure differences. Top of figure illustrates pressure gradients that facilitate oxygen and carbo...
Figure c09/f005
Figure 9.5
Non‐rebreathing mask.
Figure c09/f009
Figure 9.9
Swedish nose.
Figure c09/f013
Figure 9.13
Bacterial‐viral filter.
Figure c09/f017
Figure 9.17
Relationship between pleural membranes, chest wall and lungs.
Figure c09/f021
Figure 9.21
One‐bottle system.
Figure c09/f025
Figure 9.25
High‐volume, low‐pressure suction unit (thoracic suction adaptor).
Figure c09/f029
Figure 9.29
Tracheal dilator.
Figure c09/f033
Figure 9.33
Kapitex Tracheotwist cuffed fenestrated tube.
Figure c09/f037
Figure 9.37
Passy Muir valve.
Figure c09/f041
Figure 9.41
Trachphone.
Figure c09/f045
Figure 9.45
Initial verbal assessment.
Figure c09/f049
Figure 9.49
Mask with one‐way valve over patient's nose and mouth and rescuer giving breath.
Figure c09/f053
Figure 9.53
In‐hospital resuscitation algorithm. CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation; IV, intravenous. Source : Resuscitation Council (2010b). Reproduced with per...
Figure c09/f057
Figure 9.57
(a) Measure the Guedel airway from the corner of the mouth to the angle of the jaw. (b) Insert the airway in an upside‐down position to the junction o...
Figure c09/f061
Figure 9.61
McGill forceps.
Figure c09/f065
Figure 9.65
The advanced life support algorithm for the management of cardiac arrest in adults. CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation; ECG, electrocardiogram, PEA, p...
Figure c09/f002
Figure 9.2
Oxyhaemoglobin dissociation curve. With a PaO 2 of 8 kPa and more, saturations will remain high (flat portion of curve). NB: The middle red line is t...
Figure c09/f006
Figure 9.6
Venturi barrels.
Figure c09/f010
Figure 9.10
Cold water bubble humidifier.
Figure c09/f014
Figure 9.14
CPAP valves.
Figure c09/f018
Figure 9.18
Mattress sutures.
Figure c09/f022
Figure 9.22
Underwater chest drainage system. (a) Venting/suction port. (b) Port to patient. (c) Water level.
Figure c09/f026
Figure 9.26
Chest drain on suction.
Figure c09/f030
Figure 9.30
Cuff pressure manometer.
Figure c09/f034
Figure 9.34
Portex Blue‐Line Suctionaid tracheostomy tube.
Figure c09/f038
Figure 9.38
Decannulation plug.
Figure c09/f042
Figure 9.42
Components of a closed‐circuit catheter. The control valve locks the vacuum on or off. The catheter is protected inside an airtight sleeve. A T‐piece ...
Figure c09/f046
Figure 9.46
Basic life support algorithm. Source : Reproduced with permission from the Resuscitation Council ( resus.org.uk ).
Figure c09/f050
Figure 9.50
Two people using Ambu‐bag and mask.
Figure c09/f054
Figure 9.54
Placement of defibrillation pads attached to defibrillator on patient's chest.
Figure c09/f058
Figure 9.58
Yankauer sucker.
Figure c09/f062
Figure 9.62
Endotracheal tubes.
Figure c09/f066
Figure 9.66
(a) Mini‐jet vial and administration chamber with Luer‐Lok connector. (b) Remove caps from both mini‐jet vials and administration chamber. (c) Screw m...
Figure c09/f003
Figure 9.3
Nasal cannulas.
Figure c09/f007
Figure 9.7
(a) Oxygen analyser. (b) T‐piece. (c) Oxygen (elephant) tubing. (d) Warm bath humidifier. (e) Flow generator oxygen and air Drager bellows.
Figure c09/f011
Figure 9.11
High‐flow Optiflow circuit.
Figure c09/f015
Figure 9.15
Nasopharyngeal airway and safety pin.
Figure c09/f019
Figure 9.19
Trocar drainage tube.
Figure c09/f023
Figure 9.23
Triangle of safety. Source : Laws et al. ( ). Reproduced with permission from BMJ Publishing Group, Ltd.
Figure c09/f027
Figure 9.27
H‐shaped securing tape.
Figure c09/f031
Figure 9.31
Portex cuffed tube.
Figure c09/f035
Figure 9.35
(a) Jackson silver tube. (b) Negus silver tube.
Figure c09/f039
Figure 9.39
(a) Colledge silver tube. (b) Shiley laryngectomy tube. (c) Shaw laryngectomy tube. (d) Stoma button. (e) Laryngectomy tube.
Figure c09/f043
Figure 9.43
Emergency tracheostomy guidelines. Source : Reproduced with permission from the National Tracheostomy Safety Project ( www.tracheostomy.org.uk ).
Figure c09/f047
Figure 9.47
Head tilt/chin lift manoeuvre.
Figure c09/f051
Figure 9.51
Carotid pulse check.
Figure c09/f055
Figure 9.55
Pocket mask with oxygen port.
Figure c09/f059
Figure 9.59
Endotracheal/tracheostomy suction catheter.
Figure c09/f063
Figure 9.63
Bougie.
Figure c09/f067
Figure 6
Sterile tracheostomy dressing or tracheostomy/keyhole dressing.
Figure c09/f004
Figure 9.4
Simple semi‐rigid plastic mask.
Figure c09/f008
Figure 9.8
Heat and moisture exchanger (HME).
Figure c09/f012
Figure 9.12
CPAP mask and helmet.
Figure c09/f016
Figure 9.16
A chest drain and underwater seal bottle are used to drain a left pleural effusion.
Figure c09/f020
Figure 9.20
Seldinger drain.
Figure c09/f024
Figure 9.24
Ambulatory chest drainage bag with Heimlich flutter valve. (a) Tube connection to patient. (b) Air vent (green). (c) 50 mL syringe filled with air.
Figure c09/f028
Figure 9.28
(a) Anatomy of the head and neck. (b) Temporary tracheostomy. (c) Permanent tracheostomy.
Figure c09/f032
Figure 9.32
(a) Shiley cuffed tube. (b) Shiley plain tube. (c) Shiley plain fenestrated tube. (d) Shiley cuffed fenestrated tube.
Figure c09/f036
Figure 9.36
Rusch speaking valve.
Figure c09/f040
Figure 9.40
Tracheostomy mask.
Figure c09/f044
Figure 9.44
Emergency laryngectomy guidelines. Source : Reproduced with permission from the National Tracheostomy Safety Project ( www.tracheostomy.org.uk ).
Figure c09/f048
Figure 9.48
The recovery position.
Figure c09/f052
Figure 9.52
Correct positioning of hands for external compressions.
Figure c09/f056
Figure 9.56
Self‐inflating resuscitation bag with oxygen reservoir.
Figure c09/f060
Figure 9.60
Laryngeal mask airway.
Figure c09/f064
Figure 9.64
Laryngoscope handle and blade.